The potted flowers
Flowers in a garden or on a balcony determine the beauty of an open space. These represent an essential decorative element to make the green dot of the house pleasant. Choosing the right container in which to put flowers can not only enhance the value of the flower and its beauty but can also influence its life cycle. The nature of the soil, the basis for the sustenance of the plant, can easily be influenced by a pot whose material has characteristics that do not suit its chemical composition. Choosing the right material goes hand in hand with choosing a vase suitable for the aesthetic and morphological properties of the flower. A too opulent vase could in fact blur the beauty of an elegant and delicate flower like the calla, just as a too cheap vase could diminish the energy that a flower like the tulip can release. Choosing the right vase is therefore as important as choosing the right flower to be placed in a closed or open environment. Knowing the materials related to the vases and the types of these represent the basis to avoid making unforgivable mistakes in the floral decoration of the house!
The materials of the vases
As mentioned in the previous paragraph, the material the pot is made of has a primary function in making the soil and the vital environment of the flower healthy and well preserved. The soil is mainly composed of organic materials that require water and air, the choice of a resistant but at the same time breathable material is fundamental especially in relation to the needs of the flowers that we have put in pots. Each type of flower, as will be known, requires different care, just think of the substantial difference between a flower like the rose and a small cactus. For this reason, the material of the vase must be chosen on the basis of the flower and the characteristics it presents. The most common vases are certainly those in terracotta. It is a mechanically resistant material thanks to the presence of iron oxide, a substance that determines its typical ocher-reddish color. Terracotta is a material that reacts positively to the soil. Its porosity makes it capable of absorbing the water contained in the soil like a sponge, thus keeping the base compound of the flower hydrated and aerated. The change of water in this case will be faster than for a plastic pot therefore it must be taken into account that the plants will have to be watered more frequently. The ability to retain humidity of this material makes it particularly performing in summer, when the sun tends to evaporate the water in the pot with extreme speed. Always thanks to the sponginess of the material, the terracotta pot tends not to overheat excessively, this because the water penetrated into its fibers has a sort of thermoregulatory action. The temperature factor should not be underestimated, especially to prevent the plant from drying out and the roots from atrophying. A more expensive and certainly more luxurious variant of terracotta is porcelain. This is composed of kaolin, silica and fedelspato and its white color distinguishes it from simple ceramic vases. The value of a porcelain vase often accompanies the refinement of the rosaceous flowering plants. Obviously if the terracotta pot is more recommended for an outdoor environment, such as a garden or terrace, the porcelain pot must be strictly placed inside a house, in a protected place.
Cement is another material used for the construction of pots. A vase or vase in concrete has very different properties compared to ceramic. As it is not porous, cement is a material that does not allow the soil to "breathe" humidity as much as a terracotta pot. For this reason, concrete pots are not recommended for flowers that need a basic moist environment. In fact, cement tends to overheat excessively in summer, transmitting too high a temperature to the flowering plant, which in many cases can react negatively. The concrete vase, normally not very ornate and more basic, is however suitable for semi-open rustic environments where the freshness of a shade or protection from the scorching sun is guaranteed.
The third and final material used for the construction of the vessels is plastic. Despite the lower economic value and therefore the greater economy, this can be considered a winning material in terms of practicality and unbreakability. The plastic resists impacts well, has very original color varieties and adapts well to the nature of the soil. Also in this case, maintaining the temperature inside the vessel can be a problem. In fact, plastic could overheat too much in summer and cool down considerably in winter. For this reason it is good to pay attention to the watering of the flower if the plastic pot is used in summer. The plastic pot, as you can easily guess, does not have the breathable capacity of a porous terracotta pot. For this reason the water of the earth is retained without being absorbed by the material. An extremely positive element for the plastic pot is certainly its ductility and its not excessive weight. Transporting a plastic pot is in fact much more accessible than transporting a large terracotta or cement pot. This can be convenient especially when the season changes when the plants are moved from an internal environment to an external one or vice versa.